Southerners Used Food Substitutions During The Civil War~
Before secession, a typical Southern family’s grocery bill was $6.65 per month. By 1864, it was $400 per month. In fact. Confederate dollars were so devalued that many families could not afford to buy food staples. As produce became more and more scarce or expensive, people had to find substitutes for common foods. Many residents were quite creative, and although most of the substitutes did not survive until modern times, satisfied southern appetites to some degree. Here are some examples:
Meat (at least $20 for one meal):
Domestic animals, crows, frogs, locusts, snails, snakes and worms
Okra seeds that were browned, dried sweet potatoes or carrots, roasted acorns, wheat berries
Herbs, sumac berries, sassafras roots, raspberry, blackberry, huckleberry and holly leaves
Water and corn and molasses, fermented in an old barrel
Milk or cream:
Beat an egg white to a froth and add a small lump of butter, mix well.
Molasses, sorghum, dried, ground figs, honey, watermelon syrup
Vinegar (apple): molasses, honey, beets, figs, persimmon, may-apples and sorghum
Rice, rice flour, cornmeal, and rye flour.
Boiled sea water, or taking dirt from the smokehouse, adding water and boiling it. Skim off the scum on the top and drop in cold water, and the salt sinks to the bottom. The impurities could be boiled off. Wood ashes or gunpowder could substitute for salt as a seasoning.
Source: Varhole, Michael J. Everyday Life During the Civil War.
i am continually annoyed by the fact that stores have yet to carry chocolates in packages the size of small dog food bags.
look, im going to buy a shameful amount of chocolate. you know it, i know it. so just package the cheap ‘fun size’ shit in something slightly more convenient and cost effective so i don’t have to lug multiple grocery bags around and you only have to ring up one thing and well all be happier for it.
I didn’t want to kiss you goodbye, that was the trouble; i wanted to kiss you goodnight. and there’s a lot of difference.
Fossil Friday: This Neanderthal’s seen better days…
We recently updated our collection of human evolution skulls. Above we have a very beaten Neanderthal.
Neanderthals represent a fascinating look at the human evolutionary tree. As recently as 30,000 years ago, homo sapiens and Neaderthal’s coexisted. Evidence suggests that we even share close genetic material with other, which is to say at some point we humans and Neanderthal’s interbred.
Neanderthals not only shared physical traits with us, but also seemingly art and maybe even culture. To think that a close relative of ours was making art, as we were also making art is astounding.
So much science is being done on this right now, shedding new light on our close relatives seemingly daily. Check out the links (all from the last few years) below.
- Much Earlier Split for Neanderthals, Humans? By Brian Switek
- Neanderthal Burials Confirmed as Ancient Ritual. By Ker Than
- Neanderthal Gums Relieved by Toothpicks. By Stefan Sirucek
- Diabetes risk gene ‘from Neanderthals’. By Paul Rincon
- Study: Neanderthals Wore Jewelry And Makeup. By Christopher Joyce
- Neanderthals may have been first human species to create cave paintings. By Alok Jha
- Neanderthal genome project via wikipedia
Written by @kironcmukherjee. Last update: January 25th, 2014.
So we had a snow day today and my old teacher posted these lovely events from his day
update update: RIP Oscar
Right in the feels, man.
Right in the feels :(
It’s 2 in the morning and I’m laughing hysterically to this. It’s pure genius!
Applying natural language processing to Latin texts is hard because they are written in Latin.
Classics, Yale University
- “A Cat’s Guide To Taking Care of Your Human” [x]
I don’t even like cats and this is cute.
Cats are fucking adorable.
Does gay sex sell stuff? Yes, any sex sells anything ever (including research proposals).
PhD, Aberystwyth University.
'[working title changes every few weeks]' A Critical Analysis of the Move of Minor Queer Culture into Mainstream Media and its Repercussions.